Azam Ahmed of The New York Times, received the award for Foreign Reporting for risking his safety time and again to portray the reality and impact of violence perpetrated by gangs, drug cartels and even police in firsthand dispatches from Brazil, Jamaica, Honduras, Guatemala and Mexico, where he is stationed as the Times Bureau Chief.
The award for National Reporting went to Lomi Kriel of the Houston Chronicle for revealing previously unreported aspects of the Trump Administration’s immigration policy and tactics that extracted a heavy and sometimes lethal toll on Latin American refugees, including the continued separation of some families without apparent reason.
The staff of Newsday received the award for Metropolitan Reporting for “Long Island Divided,” a series three years in the making that exposed an endemic pattern of discrimination by suburban realtors steering homebuyers of color away from white enclaves in violation of federal and state law. It drew promises of action from officials at every level of government.
The award for Local Reporting went to Brian M. Rosenthal of The New York Times for unearthing a pernicious scheme by unscrupulous lenders to drive up the price of taxi medallions and turn huge profits by selling them to unsophisticated cab drivers with loans they could never repay, leading borrowers into financial ruin so devastating at least nine committed suicide.
Mark Scheffler, Malachy Browne and the Visual Investigations Team of The New York Times were honored for International Reporting for using local plane spottings, satellite imagery, cockpit recordings and Google Earth tools to map and geolocate the attacks to establish that Russian pilots in Syria bombed four hospitals, a busy commercial street and a refugee camp, killing scores of civilians. It was one of a number of wide-ranging coups the team pulled off combining advanced technology with ground level reporting in Venezuela, Afghanistan, Libya, North Korea and Hong Kong.
The award for Financial Reporting went to Noah Buhayar, Caleb Melby, David Kocieniewski and Lauren Leatherby of Bloomberg News for groundbreaking stories on how wealthy, well-connected individuals perverted the stated intention of “opportunity zone” incentives in the 2017 federal tax code for their own profit. The program was aimed at spurring economic growth in depressed areas, but some developers reaped tax breaks by using it for such high-end projects as a long-planned $4 billion luxury North Miami development and the construction of a Ritz-Carlton hotel in downtown Portland, Oregon.
Dominic Gates, Mike Baker, Steve Miletich and Lewis Kamb of The Seattle Times were honored in the Business Reporting category for first exposing the cooperative arrangements
between Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration that led to approval of design changes in 737 Max jets blamed for two crashes, killing 346. Times reporters traced FAA approval of the flawed flight control system to its decision to defer to Boeing’s own safety analysis, which they attributed to pressure from leaders of the company and the agency to speed production and avoid adding costs.
Helena Bottemiller Evich of Politico won the award for Environmental Reporting for describing how a politicized Department of Agriculture ignored its own climate action plan, devoted a miniscule portion of its budget to climate change, which it acknowledges is the gravest threat to food production, and buried a study warning of lost nutrients in rice, the leading source of nutrition for 600 million people, provoking a highly regarded scientist to quit in disgust.
The award for Military Reporting went to Craig Whitlock of The Washington Post for forcing the release of interviews conducted about the Afghan War as part of a five-year, $11 million federal “Lessons Learned” project. After Whitlock received more than 2,000 documents, including some initially withheld, he puzzled out key redactions before producing “The Afghanistan Papers,” which demonstrated that “senior U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan throughout the 18-year campaign, making rosy pronouncements they knew to be false and hiding unmistakable evidence the war had become unwinnable.”
Lisa Gartner of The Philadelphia Inquirer received the Justice Reporting award for “Beaten, Not Silenced,” which exposed a pattern of violent physical abuse of boys housed at the Glen Mills Schools, a 193-year-old reformatory in suburban Delaware County. Gartner’s reporting was so devastating that within days state officials ordered Glen Mills closed and pledged to do a better job of monitoring conditions at juvenile justice facilities across Pennsylvania.
The award for Political Reporting is shared by Chance Swaim, Jonathan Shorman and
Dion Lefler of The Wichita Eagle and Luke Broadwater and the staff of The Baltimore Sun for turning journalistic intuition into deep dives into public records that revealed municipal misconduct leading to the ouster of mayors in both cities.
Eagle reporters determined that Mayor Jeff Longwell steered a $524 million contract for a desperately needed water treatment plant to friends and supporters, rejecting the unanimous choice of a selection panel. Longwell lost his reelection bid after a campaign that turned on the Eagle’s investigation of an ad falsely connecting his opponent to sexual harassment allegations.
An offhand remark set Broadwater and his Sun colleagues off on an investigation that determined Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh had gleaned $800,000 in payoffs disguised as bulk purchases of her “Healthy Holly” children’s book by a hospital network and health insurers. As a result, Pugh resigned and pleaded guilty to federal charges, the network’s board and CEO departed, and the state and city toughened ethics laws.
Lizzie Presser of ProPublica and The New Yorker won the award for Magazine Reporting for “The Dispossessed,” an account of how speculators use legal loopholes associated with “heirs’ property” laws in the South to seize black-owned ancestral lands, uprooting lifelong residents who assume their homes and property have been passed down to them. Especially poignant was Presser’s portrait of two brothers in a North Carolina coastal town jailed for nearly eight years for refusing to leave.
The award for Television Reporting went to John Sudworth of BBC News for “Inside China’s Hidden Camps,” which documented the reality of camps authorities established in Xinjiang province to indoctrinate hundreds of thousands of Muslims in an effort to erase their religion and culture. Allowed by authorities to visit one camp depicted as a model of agreeability, Sudworth used satellite photos, leaked documents and interviews with forlorn parents separated from their children to paint a very different picture.
A Special Award was presented to Nikole Hannah-Jones of The New York Times and contributors to “The 1619 Project,” a supplement published on the 400th anniversary of the advent of American slavery, using essays by journalists and scholars to explore the role of slavery in history and its enduring effects in contemporary American society. A powerful introduction by Hannah-Jones, the project’s creator and driving force, examined efforts of black Americans to advance the nation’s expressed ideals of democracy, liberty and equality in the face of centuries of oppression and exclusion.
Foreign Reporting: Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo and staff of Reuters for “Massacre in Myanmar,” exposing the execution of 10 Rohingya Muslims in a remote village.
National Reporting: The staff of The New York Times for demonstrating how social media giants promulgated hatemongering and misinformation to maximize profits.
State Reporting: Jeff Adelson, Jim Mustian, Gordon Russell, John Simerman and staff of The New Orleans Advocate for a series spurring elimination of split jury verdicts that victimized black defendants.
Local Reporting: Kathleen McGrory and Neil Bedi of the Tampa Bay Times for “Heartbroken,” a series on deadly missteps at a children’s hospital.
Political Reporting: David Barstow, Susanne Craig and Russ Buettner of The New York Times for tracing President Donald Trump’s wealth to an inherited fortune and “dubious tax schemes.”
Medical Reporting: to Kirby Dick, Amy Ziering and Amy Herdy for “The Bleeding Edge,” a documentary aired by Netflix linking the failure of risk-prone medical devices to lax regulation.
Justice Reporting: Julie K. Brown of the Miami Herald for “Perversion of Justice,” exposing how a federal prosecutor helped a hedge-fund billionaire evade punishment for sexually abusing dozens of under-age girls.
Immigration Reporting: Staff of ProPublica for “Zero Tolerance,” exposing the separation of young children from families as a tactic to deter border crossings and uncovering harsh conditions in federal shelters.
Education Reporting: Craig Harris, Anne Ryman, Alden Woods and Justin Price of The Arizona Republic for exposing windfall profits and poor performance by politically connected charter schools.
Environmental Reporting: Photojournalist Larry C. Price and contributing reporters for Undark Magazine for “Breathtaking,” a global examination of the sources and effects of deadly particulate pollutants.
Magazine Reporting: Ben Taub of The New Yorker for a firsthand account of “Iraq’s Post-ISIS Campaign of Revenge” by minority Sunnis against Shiites in sham trials sometimes leading to summary executions.
Foreign Television Reporting: Jane Ferguson of the PBS NewsHour for her graphic portrayal of a humanitarian disaster resulting from the proxy war between forces allied with Saudi Arabia and Iran in northern Yemen.
Local Television Reporting: Joe Bruno of WSOC-TV in Charlotte for stories on ballot tampering in a rural North Carolina Congressional race.
Podcast: Madeleine Baran and Samara Freemark of APM Reports for “In the Dark: Season Two,” a compelling case for the innocence of a death-row inmate tried and convicted six times for a quadruple murder in 1996.
Special Award: Columnist David Ignatius and editor Karen Attiah of The Washington Post for eloquence and resolve in demanding accountability in the wake of the gruesome murder of Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi.
Career Award: Public radio pioneer Bill Siemering.
Foreign Reporting: Iona Craig, The Intercept, for documenting the destruction and civilian casualties of a covert Navy SEAL raid upon a remote village in Yemen.
National Reporting: Jody Kantor and Megan Twohey, The New York Times and Ronan Farrow, The New Yorker, for exposing the decades-long sexual predation of the movie producer Harvey Weinstein and the campaign to cover it up.
Local Reporting: Melissa Segura, BuzzFeed, for drawing attention to innocent men framed for murder by a Chicago police detective that led to their exoneration.
Immigration Reporting: Maria Perez,The Naples Daily News, for exposing Florida companies that hired undocumented workers and arranged their deportation to avoid making workers compensation payments, and Antonia Farzan and Joseph Flaherty, Phoenix New Times, for revealing that Motel 6’s in Phoenix provided guest rosters to ICE agents investigating undocumented immigrants.
Financial Reporting: International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, for mining 13.4 million records to reveal how corporate giants and prominent individuals use financial manipulations to evade taxes.
Medical Reporting: Nina Martin, ProPublica and Renee Montagne, NPR, for explaining the reasons and portraying the tragedies behind an alarming increase in maternal deaths in pregnancy and delivery in the U.S.
Political Reporting: Stephanie McCrummen and Beth Reinhard,The WashingtonPost, for disclosing accounts of Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore’s sexual assault upon a 14-year-old girl and pursuit of other teenagers.
Magazine Reporting: Ben Taub, The New Yorker, for showing the humanitarian devastation an regional conflicts caused by the shrinkage of Lake Chad
Photography: Adam Dean and Tomas Munita, The New York Times, for capturing the plight of Rohingya fleeing burning villages in Myanmar for refugee camps in Bangladesh.
National Television Reporting: Elle Reeve, Josh Davis and Tracy Jarret, VICE News, for on-the-scene coverage of the Charlottesville demonstrations that probed the motivations and tactics of white nationalist leaders.
Foreign Television Reporting: Nima Elbagir and Raja Razek, CNN, for uncovering a hidden modern-day slave auction of African refugees in Libya.
Public Service: David Begnaud,CBS News, for capturing the destructive power of Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico and documenting how limited aid from the federal and territorial governments delayed the island’s recovery
Commentary: Gail Collins, The New York Times, for columns of satiric wit and neighborly wisdom that probe theoddities of American politics and social mores.
Special Award: Staffs of The New York Times and The Washington Post,for revealing ties between the Trump campaign and Kremlin-connected Russians that gave rise to the investigation into possible collusion during the 2016 election.
Foreign Reporting: Correspondent Nicholas Casey and photographer Meredith Kohut, New York Times, for defying government resistance to portray the depths of privation result from Venezuela’s economic collapse.
National Reporting: Alec MacGillis, ProPublica, for prescient dispatches late in the Presidential campaign citing momentum for Donald Trump, and “Revenge of the Forgotten Class,” a 4,400-word post-election analysis.
Local Reporting: Darwin BondGraham and Ali Winston, East Bay Express, for exposing a sordid sex scandal inside the Oakland police department involving a teen-aged prostitute that led up the ranks and cost three police chiefs their jobs in a single week.
State Reporting: Craig Harris, Arizona Republic, for exposing the wholesale termination of women, minority and older state employees, including an award-winning teacher diagnosed with cancer and an African-American correctional officer injured on he job who were both reinstated.
Political Reporting:David Fahrenthold, Washington Post, for a string of stories on matters Presidential candidate Donald Trump had long sought to keep secret, including his foundation’s deceptive activities and the existence of a video in which he bragged about sexually assaulting women.
Financial Reporting: The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists for “the Panama Papers,” using leaked files to expose billions in hidden investments in offshore companies tied to Syria’s air war, the looting of Africa’s natural resources and Russian associates of Vladimir Putin
Medical Reporting:Lenny Bernstein, Scott Higham and David Fallis, Washington Post, for tracing the DEA’s lax regulation of narcotic painkillers despite a deadly national addiction epidemic to drug industry pressure.
Justice Reporting: Christie Thompson, The Marshall Project, and Joseph Shapiro, NPR, for revealing an oxymoronic abuse of prison inmates i–double solitary confinement – sometimes resulting in violence and death.
Magazine Reporting: Anand Gopal. The Atlantic, for "The Hell After Isis,” a wrenching 9,000-word account of the travails of an Iraqi family caught in the crossfire between Islamic State terrorists and U.S.-backed forces.
Sports Reporting: Rebecca R. Ruiz, New York Times, for an account of a Russian state-run doping program to enhance the performances of Olympic athletes and evade detection by secretly substituting test samples.
Education Reporting: Brian M. Rosenthal, Houston Chronicle, for exposing a statewide quota denying special education services for more than 8.5 percent of students in any of the 1,200 school districts in Texas.
Photojournalism: Daniel Berehulak, New York Timesfor"They Are Slaughtering Us Like Animals," depicting the wanton carnage of President Rodrigo Duterte’s murderous drug crackdown in the Philippines.
Radio Reporting: Robert Lewis, WNYC, for questioning New York City’s lax oversight of conflicts of interest among police leading to inappropriate dealings such as a commander’s purchase of discounted property from a distraught woman whose father’s disappearance was under investigation.
Television Reporting: Reporter A. J. Lagoe, producer Steve Eckert and photojournalist Gary Knox, KARE-11 Minneapolis, for “Invisible Wounds," a series disclosing that the VA deployed unqualified diagnosticians, some not even physicians, to diagnose veterans for traumatic brain injuries.
Career Award: Anna Deavere Smith, playwright, actress and oral historian
Foreign Reporting: Associated Press reporters Margie Mason, Robin McDowell, Martha Mendoza and Esther Htusanfor “Seafood Slaves,”on abysmal treatment of seafood workers in Thailand, some held against their will and others buried in unmarked graves, and Ian Urbina, New York Times,for “The Outlaw Ocean,”a series on lawlessness on the high seas.
National Reporting:Washington Postfor a series tallying and categorizing Americans shot dead by police over the course of a year
Regional Reporting: Terrence McCoy, Washington Post,for exposing companies in Maryland and Virginia that convinced unsophisticated victims to accept pennies on the dollar for court-ordered compensation.
Local Reporting: Jamie Kalven, Invisible Institute,for “Sixteen Shots,” an account published inline by Slate that contradicted the official narrative of the fatal police shooting of a black teenager in Chicago.
Education Reporting: Cara Fitzpatrick, Lisa Gartner and Michael LaForgia, Tampa Bay Times, for tracing a decline in black student success to a 2007 school board decision effectively re-segregating schools.
Financial Reporting: John Carreyrou, Wall Street Journal, for stories cast doubt on innovative claims by a Silicon Valley blood-testing company.
Justice Reporting: Ken Armstrong, The Marshall Project,and T. Christian Miller,ProPublicafor “An Unbelievable Story of Rape,”vindicating a teenaged rape victim initially charged with filing a false report of the crime.
Legal Reporting: Jessica Silver-Greenberg, Michael Corkery and Robert Gebeloff,New York Times for “Beware the Fine Print,”a series on how arbitration clauses deprive people of their right to settle disputes in court.
Military Reporting: New York TimesreportersMark Mazzetti, Nicholas Kulish, Christopher Drew, Serge F. Kovaleski, Matthew Rosenberg, Sean D. Naylor and John Ismay, for examining allegations that daring Navy SEAL teams operated with little oversight and often used excessive force.
Medical Reporting: Jason Cherkis,Huffington Post,for revealing that pressure from 12-step programs barred many publicly funded addiction treatment centers from prescribing effective medication-assisted therapy.
Magazine Reporting: Writers Noreen Malone and Jen Kirby and photographer Amanda Demme, New York magazine,for “Cosby: The Women, An Unwelcome Sisterhood,”a cover storypresenting on-the-record accounts of 35 women accusing Bill Cosby of sexual assault.
Photography: Andrew Quilty, Foreign Policy Magazinefor “The Man on the Operating Table,”depicting the devastating effects of an errant U.S. airstrike on a Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz, Afghanistan.
Radio Reporting: Nikole Hannah-Jonesfor “The Problem We All Live With”aired on “This American Life” examining how parents and politicians contrived to re-segregate a Missouri public school and its impact.
Television Reporting: Correspondent Jim Axelrod and producer Emily Rand, CBS News,for “Compounding Pharmacy Fraud,” revealing how some pharmacies billed insurers for worthless potions and supplements.
Career Award: Simeon Booker, pioneering African-American journalist
Foreign Reporting: Rania Abouzeid, independent Australian-Lebanese journalist, for “The Jihad Next Door,” an authoritative account of the rise of the Islamic State published online by Politico Magazine.
International Reporting: Rukmini Callimachi, New York Times, for revealing that European nations secretly paid the Islamic State millions of dollars to ransom hostages.
National Reporting: Carol Leonnig, Washington Post,for series of exclusive reports on serious security lapses and misconduct by the U.S. Secret Service, which filed false and incomplete accounts of the missteps.
Local Reporting: Tim Novak, Chris Fuscoand Carol Marin, Chicago Sun-Times, for reports leading police to reopen a 10-year-old homicide case involving a nephew of former mayor Richard M. Daley.
State Reporting: Doug Pardue, Glenn Smith, Jennifer Berry Hawesand Natalie Caula Hauff, Charleston Post and Courier, for linking 300 deaths of women in South Carolina to the indifferent response to domestic abuse by authorities.
Health Reporting:New York Times reporters Adam Nossiter, Norimitsu Onishi, Ben Solomon, Sheri Fink, and Helene Cooperandphotographer Daniel Berehulak, for early coverage of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa.
Business Reporting: International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, a consortium of 120 reporters from 42 entities in 58 countries formed with help from the Center for Public Integrity, for showing inventive methods big companies and wealthy individuals use to avoid paying taxes.
Environmental Reporting:Seattle Timesfor linking a mudslide that cost 43 lives to corners cut, safeguards disregarded and warnings ignored.
Justice Reporting: Julie K. Brown, the Miami Herald,and Michael Schwirtzand Michael Winerip, New York Times,for revealing rampant brutalizing of mentally impaired inmates that caused injury and death.
Magazine Reporting: James Verini, National Geographic,for an 11,000-word report on the Democratic Republic of the Congo that asked, “Should the United Nations Wage War to Keep Peace?”
Military Reporting: Dennis Wagner, Arizona Republic,for disclosing that VA officials in Phoenix and elsewhere won bonuses based on false wait-time data for treatment of veterans, some of whom died awaiting care.
Television Reporting: Correspondent John Carlos Frey and producers Marisa Venegasand Solly Granatstein for “Dying to Cross,”on the deaths of 400 migrants abandoned in the Texas desert jointly produced by The Investigative Fund, Telemundo, The Weather Channel, and Efran Films.
Commentary: Ta-Nehisi Coates, The Atlantic,for “The Case for Reparations.”
Career Award: Garry Trudeau, creator of “Doonesbury”
Foreign Reporting: James Yardley, New York Times, for documenting Bangladesh workers’ unsafe conditions and paltry wages at the hands of garment manufacturers with political ties in the aftermath of the Rana Plaza collapse, which claimed more than 1,100 lives.
National Reporting: Eli Saslow, The Washington Post, for profiling six of the families receiving federal nutrition assistance in a $78 billion program serving 47 million recipients in a program that tripled in scope in a decade.
State Reporting: Shawn Boburg, Record of Northern New Jersey, for articles linking a huge traffic jam created by lane closures on an approach to the George Washington Bridge to retribution by Governor Chris Christie’s campaign operatives against a mayor who failed to endorse his reelection.
Local Reporting: Andrea Elliott, New York Times, for “Invisible Child,” a five-part series about one of New York City’s 22,000 homeless children.
National Security Reporting: Glenn Greenwald,Ewen MacAskill and Laura Poitras,The Guardian and Barton Gellman, Washington Post, for investigative stories on massive NSA surveillance based on top-secret documents disclosed by former intelligence analyst Edward Snowden.
Political Reporting: Rosalind Helderman,Laura Vozzella and Carol Leonnig,Washington Post, for revealing that the Virginia governor and his wife received $165,000 in loans and gifts from an entrepreneur.
Medical Reporting: Meg Kissinger, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, for a series on the Milwaukee County’s dysfunctional mental health system, and Cynthia Hubert and Phillip Reese, Sacramento Bee, for exposing a Las Vegas psychiatric hospital’s practice of exporting patients — 1,500 over five years — to locales across the country via Greyhound bus.
Justice Reporting: Frances Robles, Sharon Otterman, Michael Powell and N. R. Kleinfield, New York Times, for uncovering evidence that a Brooklyn homicide detective used false confessions, tainted testimony and coercive tactics to convict dozens of defendants.
Sports Reporting: Tim Elfrink, Miami New Times, for revealing that some of baseball’s biggest stars received banned performance enhancers from a Florida anti-aging clinic.
Business Reporting: Alison Fitzgerald, Daniel Wagner, Lauren Kyger and John Dunbar, Center for Public Integrity, for “After the Meltdown,” a series demonstrating that the federal government failed to call any major Wall Street figure to account for financial crisis and many had resumed the sort of reckless investing that plunged the nation into The Great Recession.
Television Reporting: Michael Kirk,Jim Gilmore,Mike Wiser, Steve Fainaru and Mark Fainaru-Wada, PBS Frontline, for “League of Denial,” tracing longstanding NFL efforts to quash evidence linking head injuries to an high instances of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in former players.
Local Television Reporting: Noah Pransky,WTSP, Tampa, for disclosing how government officials and a contractor bilked drivers in Florida out of millions in fines by shortening yellow lights at intersections.
National Reporting: John Hechinger and Janet Lorin, Bloomberg News, for “Indentured Students,” a series revealing that the U.S. paid $1 billion in commissions to student loan debt collectors who often misled borrowers.
Local Reporting: Gina Barton, The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, for an investigative report on the death of a man in police custody, leading to its re-categorization is a homicide and a medical examiner’s resignation.
State Reporting: Ryan Gabrielson, California Watch, for exposing how a special police force for developmental centers was failing to solve crimes against the disabled residents.
War Reporting: David Enders, Austin Tice (in absentia after his capture and disappearance) and the staff of McClatchy Newspapers for chronicling the complexities of the civil war in Syria.
Political Reporting: David Corn, Mother Jones, for obtaining a recording of presidential candidate Mitt Romney confiding that 47 percent of voters “dependent upon government” would oppose him “no matter what.”
Magazine Reporting: Sarah Stillman, New Yorker magazine, for “The Throwaways,” an account of how authorities jeopardized and abandoned teen-aged drug informants.
Justice Reporting: Sam Dolnick, New York Times, for “Unlocked,” exposing gang activity, drug use, lax security and decrepit conditions at New Jersey halfway houses owned by a crony of Governor Chris Christie.
Medical Reporting:Peter Whoriskey,Washington Post, for “Biased Research, Big Profits,” a series on pharmaceutical industry payoffs to doctors to promote misleading findings sometimes endangering patients.
Business Reporting:David Barstow and Alejandra Xanic von Bertrab (a Mexico-based freelance), New York Times, for “Wal-Mart Abroad,” demonstrating how the giant retailer used bribery to fuel overseas growth.
Education Reporting:Colin Woodard, Maine Sunday Telegram, for detailing how online education companies steered development of Maine’s digital education policies.
Television Reporting: Correspondent Holly Williams and videographer Andrew Portch, CBS News, for coverage of Chinese human rights activist Chen Guangcheng, who fled to the West after years of house arrest.
Television Documentary: Correspondent Martin Smith and producer Michael Kirk, PBS Frontline, for “Money, Power and Wall Street,” an inside look into the derivation and impact of the global economic crisis.
Video Reporting:Tracey Shelton, GlobalPost, for reports on the Syrian war’s human toll including one on a 4-year sole survivor of an entire family.
Foreign Reporting:Reporter Jeffrey Gettleman and photographer Tyler Hicks, New York Times, for coverage of fighting in South Sudan and Somalia, where Shabbab militants prevented starving people from fleeing.
International Reporting:Ben Elgin, Alan Katz and Vernon Silverl, Bloomberg News, for revealing how Western companies sold surveillance technology to repressive governments to use against their opponents.
National Reporting:Wall Street Journal for a series on ways federal officials and well-connected investors exploited insider stock trading.
Local Reporting: A.M. Sheehan and Matt Hongoltz-Hetling, the Norway (Me.) Advertiser Democrat, for a report on Maine’s failure to address abysmal and unsafe conditions in government-subsidized housing.
Metropolitan Reporting:Matt Apuzzo, Adam Goldman, Chris Hawley and Eileen Sullivan, Associated Press, for a revealing look at expansive New York City Police intelligence operations including the targeting of mosques.
Military Reporting:C.J. Chivers, New York Times, for coverage of wars in Libya and Afghanistan, especially dispatches from Misurata where he authenticated Libyan forces’ indiscriminate use of brutal weapons.
Medical Reporting:Lance Williams, Christina Jewett and Stephen K. Doig, California Watch, for a report on how a hospital chain used false diagnoses of rare conditions to over-bill Medicare.
Legal Reporting:Thomas Farragher, Marcella Bombardieri, Jonathan Saltzman, Matt Carroll and Darren Durlach, Boston Globe, for delving into a high acquittal rate in Massachusetts drunk driving cases.
Sports Reporting:Sara Ganim, Harrisburg Patriot-News, for revelatory coverage of Penn State’s cover-up of a coach’s pedophilia, allowing him to abuse more victims.
Magazine Reporting: Jane Mayer, New Yorker magazine, for “The Secret Sharer,” a case against the prosecution of an official for espionage for leaking information that led prosecutors to drop all major charges.
Television Reporting: Brian Ross and Anna Schecter, ABC News 20/20, for "Peace Corps: A Trust Betrayed," accusing the Peace Corps of covering up its failure to protect a woman slain in West Africa and other volunteers.
Television Documentary: Reporter May Ying Welsh and field producer Hassan Mahfood, Al Jazeera English, for "Bahrain: Shouting in the Dark,”
Radio Reporting: Ira Glass, “This American Life,” for "Very Tough Love," a report on excessive punishments ordered by a Georgia drug court judge.
Special Award: Anthony Shadid, New York Times (posthumously), “for extraordinary valor for his work in the Middle East.”
Career Award: Ronnie Dugger, founding editor of The Texas Observer
Foreign Reporting: Clifford J. Levy and Ellen Barry, New York Times, for “Above the Law,” a series that examined corruption and abuse of power in Russia two decades after the fall of Communism,
National Reporting: Dana Priest and William M. Arkin, Washington Post, for “Top Secret America,” detailing the proliferation of a huge ecosystem of military, intelligence and corporate interests spawned after 9/11.
Local Reporting:Jeff Gottlieb, Ruben Vives and the staff, Los Angeles Times, for exposing conditions in Bell, a small working-class city near LA rife with corruption and exorbitance – an administrator was paid $800,000 a year – prompting charges against eight past and present municipal officials.
Metropolitan Reporting:Amy Brittain and Mark Mueller, Newark Star-Ledger, for “Strong at Any Cost,” a series on New Jersey police officers and firefighters’ rampant use of steroids, often obtained with fake prescriptions.
Magazine Reporting:Michael Hastings,Rolling Stone, for “The Runaway General,” a profile of General Stanley McChrystal that led President Obama to dismiss him as commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan.
Environmental Reporting: Associated Press, for coverage of the massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
Education Reporting: Dan Golden, John Hechinger, and John Lauerman, Bloomberg News, for “Education Inc.,” a series showing that for-profit colleges recruited unlikely students for dubious programs to cash in on $26.5 in annual federal financial aid.
Criminal Justice Reporting:John Diedrich and Ben Poston, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel for “Wiped Clean,” a series revealing how infrequently the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives revokes the licenses of lawbreaking gun dealers.
Military Reporting:Dexter Filkins and Mark Mazzetti, New York Times, for a sobering behind-the-scenes look at U. S. conduct in Afghanistan.
Commentary:Juan Gonzalez, New York Daily News, for columns on a failed $700 million overhaul of New York City’s electronic payroll system and the mayor’s failure to pick up on persistent signs of mismanagement.
Radio Reporting:T. Christian Miller, ProPublica, and Daniel Zwerdling and Susanne Reber, NPR, for “Brain Wars,” which found that the U. S. military provided inadequate diagnoses and treatment of traumatic brain injuries suffered by thousands of soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Television Reporting:A.C. Thompson, ProPublica, Laura Maggi and Brendan McCarthy, New Orleans Times-Picayune, and Raney Aronson-Rath and Tom Jennings, PBS Frontline, for “Law and Disorder,” examining claims police shot 10 people, killing four, in post-Katrina New Orleans.
Career Award:Sandy Close, executive director of New America Media.
Foreign Reporting:David Rohde, New York Times, for “Held by the Taliban,” a series detailing Rohde’s own seven months in captivity.
National Reporting:Mark Pittman (postumously), Bob Ivry, Alison Fitzgerald and Craig Torres,Bloomberg News, for articles challenging the Treasury Department and Federal Reserve Board to open their books on trillions of dollars in bailout aid that went to financial institutions.
State Reporting:Raquel Rutledge, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, for portraying Wisconsin’s $350-million child-care system as a hotbed of criminal activity that repeatedly endangers children.
Local Reporting:George Pawlaczyk and Beth Hundsdorfer,Belleville (Ill.) News-Democrat, for “Trapped in Tamms,” a series on harsh conditions at an Illinois “supermax” prison where inmates, many mentally ill, were held in solitary confinement 23 hours a day for more than 10 years.
Sports Reporting:Alan Schwarz,New York Times, for a report on long-term dangers of concussions and the National Football League’s flawed response to the issue.
Business Reporting:Kathy Chu, USA Today, for “Credit Trap,” which documented how banks and other credit card issuers reap tens of billions of dollars in profit each year from steep fees and unscrupulous practices.
Military Reporting:Charlie Reed, Kevin Baron and Leo Shane III, Stars and Stripes, for “Shaping the Message,” a series that revealed that the Pentagon had used a public relations company to profile journalists and steer them toward positive coverage of the war in Afghanistan.
Magazine Reporting:David Grann, New Yorker magazine, for “Trial by Fire,” debunking expert testimony in a 1991 arson case as pseudo science in presenting what may be the first thoroughly documented case of the execution of an innocent man under the modern American judicial system.
Environmental Reporting:Abrahm Lustgarten, ProPublica, for examining possible carcinogenic effects of natural gas drilling by hydraulic fracturing.
International Television Reporting: Correspondent Dan Rivers and producers Kit Swartz, Kocha Olarn and Theerasak Nitipiched, CNN, for tracking the nightmarish existence of Rohingya refugees in southeast Asia.
National Television Reporting: Correspondent Steve Kroft and producer Leslie Cockburn, CBS “60 Minutes,” for “The Price of Oil,” which detailed Wall Street’s growing influence on speculative oil prices.
Videography: Anonymous individuals who taped the shooting death of 26-year-old Neda Agha-Soltan at a protest in Tehran and uploading the video to the Internet where it became a focus of reformist opposition in Iran.
Foreign Reporting: Barry Bearak and Celia W. Dugger, New York Times, whose coverage of violence in Zimbabwe after the disputed re-election of President Robert Mugabe was unimpeded by the four-day jailing of Bearak.
International Reporting: Paul Salopek, Chicago Tribune,for articles on rendition of suspects and other U.S. antiterrorist activity in remote areas on the Horn of Africa in Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and Eritrea.
National Reporting: David Barstow, New York Times, for “Message Machine," a two-part series documenting how retired military officers turned news analysts mouthed Pentagon talking points and plugged defense contractors who employed them as consultants.
Local Reporting:Jim Schaefer and M.L. Elrick, Detroit Free Press, for revealing Detroit’s mayor used $8.4 million in city funds to settle a whistle-blower case in exchange for destroying evidence of his affair with an aide and lied under oath about it, leading to his resignation and jailing.
Military Reporting: Eric Nalder,Seattle Post-Intelligencer, for "Demoted to Private: America's Military Housing Disaster,” a series revealing that the Pentagon awarded a billion dollars in contracts to politically connected contractors in a dubious effort to privatize military housing construction.
Labor Reporting: Paul Pringle, Los Angeles Times, for “Union Boss Under Fire,” an account of how a union local representing 160,000 mostly low-wage workers paid hundreds of thousands of dollars to companies owned by relatives of its president, who was subsequently removed from office.
Justice Reporting:Ryan Gabrielson and Paul Giblin,Mesa (Ariz.) East Valley Tribune, for “Reasonable Doubt,” a five-part series on Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio's extra-legal campaign against illegal immigrants
Magazine Reporting:Richard Behar for "China Storms Africa," published in the business magazine Fast Company, detailing China’s drive to invest in sub-Saharan African nations to acquire raw materials for manufacturing.
Environmental Reporting:Susanne Rust and Meg Kissinger, Milwaukee Journal Sentinelfor a series on the failure of federal agencies to monitor and regulate potentially harmful toxins found in everyday materials from microwave-safe plastics to baby bottles.
Sports Reporting:Ken Armstrong and Nick Perry,Seattle Times, for "Victory and Ruins," a series revealing that two dozen members of the 2001 University of Washington Rose Bowl team were allowed to play despite their arrests, some for violent felonies.
Television Reporting: Correspondent Scott Pelley and producers Solly Granatstein and Nicole Young , CBS 60 Minutes, for "The Wasteland," exposing how U.S. companies paid to recycle electronic waste dumped it in China, leading to ecological despoliation and health concerns.
Documentary Reporting:Stefan Forbes for "Boogie Man: The Lee Atwater Story," a portrait of a multi-faceted Republican strategist whose controversial tactics continued to influence politics long after his death.
Radio Reporting:Alex Blumberg, "This American Life," and Adam Davidson,NPR, for "The Giant Pool of Money," a collaborative explanation of the complex chain of events that led to the subprime mortgage crisis.
Foreign Reporting:Leila Fadel, McClatchy Newspapers, for chilling, first-hand accounts of ethnically inspired violence and murder in Iraq.
Local Reporting: (posthumously) Chauncey W. Bailey, Jr., editor of the weekly Oakland Post, slain while investigating a business linked to kidnapping, rape, torture, and several killings, now including his own.
State Reporting:Jerry Mitchell, Jackson Clarion-Ledger, for revealing that outbreaks of tuberculosis and syphilis and an alarming increase in infant mortality went unreported by the Mississippi Department of Health.
Political Reporting:Barton D. Gellman and Jo Becker, Washington Post, for a series on Vice President Dick Cheney's role as the architect of tortuous interrogation, military tribunals and other hard-line U.S. policies.
Environmental Reporting:Shai Oster, Wall Street Journal, for disclosing how China’s $22 billion Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River devastated villages, causing landslides and displaced 4 million residents.
Medical Reporting:Charles A. Duhigg, New York Times, for exposing unethical practices by nursing homes, long-term care insurers and allied businesses and investors that put the elderly at risk.
Legal Reporting:Joshua Marshall, Talking Points Memo, for reports uncovering politically motivated dismissals of United States attorneys.
Consumer Reporting:Chicago Tribune for accounts of children suffering injury and death from exposure to lead-tainted toys, defective cribs and other dangerous products, many imported from China.
Magazine Reporting:Joshua A. Kors for articles in The Nation, on the U.S. Army's denial of disability and medical benefits to thousands of Iraqi War veterans, asserting they had pre-existing “personality disorders.”
Financial Reporting:Edward Chancellor, Institutional Investor, for "Ponzi Nation,” sounding an alarm months before the crisis in financial markets over subprime mortgages and poorly regulated hedge funds emerged.
Business Reporting:Charlotte Observer, for a prescient series tying the area's high rate of housing foreclosures to subprime mortgage loans.
Television Reporting: Correspondent Jim Sciutto, producer Angus Hines and videographer Tom Murphy, ABC World News, who posed as tourists to secretly tape violent government crackdowns on protestors in Myanmar.
Book:Jeremy Scahill,“Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army”
Career Award:John McPhee, author, essayist and educator
Foreign Reporting:Lydia Polgreen, New York Times, for coverage of a under-reported war in Darfur in western Sudan and Chad that killed 200,000 and displaced 2.5 million.
National Reporting:Jeff Kosseff, Bryan Denson and Les Zaitz, Oregonian, for articles chronicling the failures in a $2.25 billion federal program intended to help people with disabilities find jobs but instead enriched executives at the expense of taxpayers and underpaid workers.
Metropolitan Reporting:Debbie Cenziper, Miami Herald, for “House of Lies,” an investigative report documenting mismanagement in the Miami-Dade Housing Agency allowing developers and consultants to amass fortunes while families suffered in shelters and rat-infested buildings.
Local Reporting:Lakefront Outlook, a free Chicago weekly, for revealing that a $19.5 million community center hailed by a city alderman as a local treasure was a deficit-ridden political plum staffed by her family and friends.
Military Reporting:Lisa Chedekel and Matthew Kauffman, Hartford Courant, for "Mentally Unfit, Forced to Fight," a four-part series on the high rate of suicide among American troops.
Medical Reporting:Robert Little, Baltimore Sun, for “Dangerous Remedy,” a series on an experimental blood-coagulating drug administered to more than 1,000 soldiers despite links to fatal clots in the heart, lungs and brain.
Environmental Reporting:Kenneth R. Weiss and Usha Lee McFarling, Los Angeles Times, for “Altered Oceans,” a five-part series linking rashes among Australian fishermen, brain-damaged sea lions in California and red tides in Florida to damaging pollution.
Business Reporting:Charles Forelle, James Bandler and Mark Maremont,Wall Street Journal, for exposing backdating of stock options to enhance executive compensation prompting resignations and charges.
Political Reporting:Ray Ring, High Country News, for revealing that referenda campaigns in six Western states to roll back environmental protections were financed by a wealthy libertarian real estate investor.
Radio Reporting:“Early Signs: Reports From a Warming Planet,” a documentary on global impacts of climate change produced by students at Cal-Berkeley and aired by “Living on Earth,” American Public Media.
Documentary Television:Spike Lee and Sam Pollard, for “When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts” on HBO on the human misery and paltry government response in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
Network Television Reporting:Lisa Myers and Adam Ciralsky, NBC Nightly News, for detailing the awarding of a $70 million defense contract to a U.S. company despite a far cheaper alternative developed in Israel.
Foreign Reporting:Joe Stephens and David B. Ottaway, Washington Post, for documenting false claims and sweeping failures in an American program to reconstruct schools and clinics in Afghanistan.
International Reporting:José More and Cam Simpson, Chicago Tribune, for revealing the massacre of 12 Nepalese men lured to Iraq by promises of jobs from human traffickers financed by a $12 billion U.S. defense contract.
National Reporting:Dana Priest,Washington Post, for exposing a secret network of detention centers in Eastern Europe where the C.I.A. held terrorism suspects.
Local Reporting:Adam Clay Thompson, San Francisco Bay Guardian, for "Forgotten City," a series detailing atrocious living conditions in buildings of the San Francisco Housing Authority.
Metropolitan Reporting: New Orleans Times-Picayune, for uninterrupted online coverage of Hurricane Katrina that garnered 30 million hits a day.
Business Reporting:Barry Meier, New York Times, for exposing the Guidant Corporation’s failure to publicize a potentially deadly defect in its widely used heart implant device.
Justice Reporting:Jerry Mitchell, Jackson Clarion-Ledger, for stories leading to the arrest and prosecution of Edgar Ray Killen, sentenced to 60 years in the 1964 deaths of three civil rights workers in Mississippi.
Health Reporting:David Evans, Michael Smith and Liz Willen, Bloomberg News, for stories on potentially dangerous federal clinical trials involving poor, mostly minority patients who were not informed of the risks.
Political Reporting:Marcus Stern and Jerry Kammer, Copley News Service and Dean Calbreath, San Diego Union-Tribune, for an exposé that to Rep. Randy Cunningham’s guilty plea for taking $2.4 million in bribes.
Radio Reporting:JoAnn Mar for “Crime Pays: A Look at Who's Getting Rich from the Prison Boom,” an hour-long documentary distributed by PRX.
Television Reporting:Brian Ross and Richard Esposito, ABC News, for disclosing White House-approved “water-boarding and other torturous "enhanced interrogation techniques" used by the C.I.A.
Commentary:Frank Rich, New York Times, for essays on culture and politics
Book Award:Victor S. Navasky, for "A Matter of Opinion"
Career Award:Frederick Wiseman, documentary filmmaker
Foreign Reporting:Paisley Dodds, Associated Press, for dispatches from Haiti on the U.S.-aided overthrow of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and on floods that later devastated the country.
National Reporting:Walt Bogdanich, New York Times, for "Death on the Tracks,” a series showing how railroads manipulated evidence, government officials and public opinion to save money at the cost of lives.
Local Reporting:Tim Novak and Steve Warmbir, Chicago Sun-Times, for exposing a $40 million corruption scheme in which mobsters made payoffs to city officials to loot a municipal program that used rented dump trucks
Regional Reporting:Santa Rosa Press Democrat, for "Global Shift," a series portraying the human and economic toll of decisions by two employers in California’s Sonoma County to export jobs abroad.
State Reporting:John Hill and Dorothy Korber, Sacramento Bee, for articles on high-ranking California Highway Patrol officials who inflated their pensions with dubious disability and on-the-job injury claims.
Magazine Reporting:Seymour M. Hersh, New Yorker magazine, for accounts of the torture of Iraqis by Americans at Abu Ghraib Prison.
War Reporting:Dexter Filkins, New York Times, for reports on an eight-day siege in bu Iraqi insurgents in Falluja that killed 51 U.S. Marines, six in the company in which he was embedded.
Sports Reporting:Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams, San Francisco Chronicle, for disclosing the use of steroids and other performance-enhancing substances by star athletes.
Military Reporting:Diana Henriques,The New York Times, for articles on the fleecing of young soldiers by insurance and investment companies.
Economic Reporting:Ellen E. Schultz and Theo Francis, Wall Street Journal, for “Financial Surgery: How Cuts in Retiree Benefits Fatten Companies Bottom Lines."
Labor Reporting:Justin Pritchard, Associated Press, for "Dying to Work," an investigation of job-related deaths among Mexican workers in the U.S.
Television Reporting:Diane Sawyer and Robbie Gordon, ABC News PrimeTime Live, for "Fighting for Care," which documented patient abuse and deplorable conditions in VA hospitals.
Foreign Reporting:Somini Sengupta, New York Times, for coverage of Congo, Liberia and other war-torn areas of West Africa.
National Reporting:Cam Simpson, Flynn McRoberts and Liz Sly, Chicago Tribune, for "Tossed Out of America," a series on the mass deportation of Muslims, victims of ethnic profiling posing no risk to U. S. national security
Local Reporting:Duff Wilson, Brian Joseph and Sheila Farr, Seattle Times, for "The Art of Deception," exposing forged Asian art that led to the closing of a gallery.
State Reporting:Dave Altimari, Jon Lender and Edmund H. Mahony, Hartford Courant, for questioning Gov. John G. Rowland's dealings with state contractors and use of state workers to renovate his lakeside cottage.
Economics Reporting:Nancy Cleeland, Abigail Goldman, Evelyn Iritani and Tyler Marshall, Los Angeles Times, for "The Wal-Mart Effect,” which examined the retailing giant’s impact on nations across the globe.
Business Reporting:Aaron Bernstein and Manjeet Kripalani, BusinessWeek for a series on exporting of white-collar work to third-world countries, "Is Your Job Next?"
Labor Reporting:David Barstow, Lowell Bergman and David Rummel, New York Times, and Neil Docherty and Linden MacIntyre, CBC, for “A Dangerous Business," a collaboration of the Times, CBC and PBS/Frontline exposing safety violations that contributed to 4,500 work-related injuries and the deaths of nine workers at a cast-iron pipe manufacturer.
Internet Reporting:Charles Lewis, executive director, Center for Public Integrity, for ''Windfalls of War: U.S. Contractors in Iraq and Afghanistan.''
Magazine Reporting: Southern Exposure for "Banking on Misery: Citigroup, Wall Street and the Fleecing of the South,” detailing predatory lending practices that victimized poor black and elderly Southerners.
Education Reporting:Daniel Golden, Wall Street Journal, for showing that elite colleges give admission preference to children of alumni and donors.
Photojournalism:Carolyn Cole,Los Angeles Times, for depicting Iraqi and Liberian war zones in “brutally honest” terms.
Television Reporting:Andrew Smith and Liviu Tipurita, CNN Presents, for "Easy Prey: Inside the Child Sex Trade."
Radio Reporting:Anne Garrels,NPR, for enduring bombings, blackouts, thirst and intimidation to report from the besieged Iraqi capital of Baghdad.
Career Award:F. Gilman Spencer, New York Daily News editor
Foreign Reporting:Anthony Shadid, Boston Globe, for a series on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, reporting that took a personal toll when he suffered a bullet wound in Ramallah.
International Reporting: Reporter Sonia Nazario and photographer Don Bartletti, Los Angeles Times, for “Enrique's Journey,” retracing a young Honduran refugee's 800-mile freight-train odyssey.
National Reporting:Boston Globe for "Crisis in the Catholic Church,” a yearlong series exposing sexual abuse by priests and cover-ups by church leaders that led to the resignation of Cardinal Bernard Law.
Local Reporting:Jason Riley and R.G. Dunlop, Louisville Courier-Journal, for "Justice Delayed, Justice Denied," a series on Kentucky’s backlog of unresolved criminal cases.
Regional Reporting:Clifford J. Levy, New York Times, for "Broken Homes," a series on the plight of 15,000 mentally ill residents of state-regulated adult homes in dangerous, often squalid conditions
Health Care Reporting:Walt Bogdanich, Barry Meier and Mary Williams Walsh,New York Times, for "Medicine's Middlemen," a series on two companies that cornered a market on drugs and supplies, inflating costs and reducing quality.
Environmental Reporting:Debbie Salamone with Ramsey Campbell and Robert Sargent,Orlando Sentinel, for "Florida's Water Crisis."
Criminal Justice Reporting:Michael Luo, Associated Press, for "Small Town Justice," exposing gross mismanagement in a county court system.
Financial Reporting:Ellen E. Schultz and Theo Francis, Wall Street Journal, for disclosing how employers manipulated employee benefit plans to enrich themselves.
Medical Reporting:Stephen Kiernan and Cadence Mertz, Burlington Free Press. for "Code of Silence,” a series on Vermont’s failure to eliminate fraudulent and incompetent medical care.
Magazine Reporting:Arnold S. Relman and Marcia Angell, New Republic, for "America's Other Drug Problem," on how drug companies invest far more in advertising and lobbying than research and development.
Television Reporting:Phil Williams and Bryan Staples, WTVF, Nashville, for "Friends in High Places," exposing misconduct by Governor Don Sundquist.
Cultural Criticism:Susan Sontag, The New Yorker, for "Looking at War," which examined modern warfare through the lens of photojournalism.
Foreign Reporting:Barry Bearak, New York Times, for dispatches from Afghanistan.
International Reporting:Sudarsan Raghavan and Sumana Chatterjee, Knight Ridder, for “A Taste of Slavery,” a series on slave labor in the global chocolate trade.
National Reporting:New York Times, for "A Nation Challenged," a daily section from Sept. 18 through Dec. 31 that included biographical sketches of 9/11 victims.
Local Reporting:Heidi Evans and Dave Saltonstall, New York Daily News, for stories on financial problems and neglect at Hale House, a children's home in Harlem.
Metropolitan Reporting:Bill Theobald and Bonnie Harris, Indianapolis Star, for "Destined to Die," a series revealing that officials failed to spay or neuter dogs and cats, leading to mass euthanization.
Regional Reporting:Jessie A. Hamilton, Stephanie Earls, Tom Roeder and Mark Morey,Yakima Herald-Republic, for "Caught by the Fire in the Canyon," a report questioning tactics during a lethal Washington forest fire.
Magazine Reporting:Bernard Lewis, New Yorker magazine, for “The Revolt of Islam.”
Medical Reporting:Duff Wilson and David Heath, Seattle Times, for a series, "Uninformed Consent: What Patients at 'The Hutch' Weren't Told About the Experiments in Which They Died."
Financial Reporting:Susan Pulliam and Randall Smith, Wall Street Journal, for revealing misleading practices by Credit Suisse First Boston in promoting initial stock offerings.
Environmental Reporting:Lisa Davis, San Francisco Weekly, for "Fallout,” stories on the mishandling of radioactive waste at a shipyard.
Television and Radio Reporting:BBC World and BBC World Service Radio, for coverage of the 9/11 attacks that included an account from a correspondent inside the World Trade Center when the first plane hit.
Book:Joan Didion, “Political Fictions,” based on articles on the 2000 presidential election first published in The New York Review of Books.
Career Award:Edna Buchanan, Miami Herald police reporter
Foreign Reporting:Alma Guillermoprieto, New York Review of Books, for a series on guerrilla warfare and the drug trade in Colombia.
Magazine Reporting:Donald Barlett and James Steele, Time magazine, for “Big Money and Politics: Who Gets Hurt"
National Reporting:Michael Grunwald, Washington Post, for analyzing risky billion-dollar projects undertaken by the Army Corps of Engineers.
Transportation Reporting:Scott McCartney, Wall Street Journal, for stories on FAA negligence in enforcing rules governing cockpit safety, pilot training and air traffic control systems
Political Reporting: Virginia Ellis, Los Angeles Times, for exposing misconduct that cost California’s insurance commissioner his job.
Statewide Reporting:Kevin Corcoran and Joe Fahy, Indianapolis Star, for a series on Indiana's lax oversight of facilities that care for the severely mentally retarded.
Health Care Reporting:Sam Hodges and William Rabb, Mobile Register, for a report on the appalling state of dental care for Alabama children.
Book:Laurie Garrett, “Betrayal of Trust," documenting epidemics and other health catastrophes around the world
Network Television Reporting: John Larson, Allan Maraynes, Lynne Dale, Neal Shapiro and Andy Lehren, NBC Dateline, for "The Paper Chase," a report on how the insurance industry conspires to deny benefits to accident victims.
Local Television Reporting:Anna Werner, David Raziq and Chris Henao, KHOU (Houston), for a series that led Firestone to recall more than six million defective tires, "Treading on Danger?"
Special Award:New York Times, for "How Race Is Lived in America,” a 15-part series examining relationships among people of different races from various walks of life.
Career Award:John B. Oakes, New York Times editorial writer and creator of the op-ed page
Foreign Reporting: Paul Watson, Los Angeles Times, for coverage of the war in Kosovo.
International Reporting:Sang-hun Choe, Charles J. Hanley, Martha Mendoza and Randy Herschaft,Associated Press, for unearthing the cover-up of a Korean War atrocity in which U. S. troops gunned down hundreds of civilians huddled under a bridge in the conflict’s first weeks.
National Reporting:Jason DeParle, New York Times, for analyzing how life changed for Wisconsin recipients eliminated from state welfare rolls.
Local Reporting:Kevin Carmody, Tinley Park (Ill.) Daily Southtown, for profiling some of the hundreds of Manhattan Project A-bomb workers not alerted to their exposure to a toxic element until 45 years later.
Regional Reporting: Reporter Todd Richissin and photographer Andre Chung, Baltimore Sun, for a series on the brutality of Maryland's boot camps for juveniles convicted of crimes.
Criminal Justice Reporting:Ken Armstrong and Steve Mills, Chicago Tribune, for stories picking up on initial research by Northwestern students that found 12 inmates on death row in Illinois were wrongfully convicted.
Financial Reporting:Ellen E. Schultz, Wall Street Journal, for stories exposing how large U.S, companies alter pension plans to cut retirement benefits of unsuspecting employees.
Medical Reporting:Andrea Gerlin, The Philadelphia Inquirer, for a four-part series on thousands of deaths every year in United States hospitals attributable to medical mistakes
Editorial Writing: New York Daily News for shedding light on grueling conditions experienced by farm laborers excluded from minimum wage laws and other benefits.
Foreign Television Reporting: Reporter Olenka Frenkiel and producers Giselle Portenier and Fiona Murch, BBC, for a documentary aired by ABC on men in rural Pakistan who maim or kill women suspected of infidelity.
Local Television Reporting: The "I" Team, WWOR, for reports on racial profiling by police in New Jersey.
Special Award:The National Security Archive, a private research library, for providing source material on matters like the Iran-Contra scandal.
Foreign Reporting: Laurie Garrett, Newsday, for a 25-part series on rampant tuberculosis and AIDS in the former Soviet Union.
International Reporting:Michael Dobbs, Washington Post, for tracing Madeleine Albright’s Jewish roots, unknown to her even though many in her family died in Nazi concentration camps
National Reporting: Keith Bradsher, New York Times, for tying increased air pollution and traffic fatalities to sport utility vehicles and light trucks
Local Reporting: Pensacola News Journal for ‘‘Pensacola’s Brownsville Revival: The money and the Myths,'' exposing religious skullduggery.
Military Affairs Reporting: Dayton Daily News for “Unnecessary Danger,'' a series on the military's protection of incompetent physicians
Medical Reporting:Wall Street Journal for a report on lethal side effects of over-the-counter diet drugs.
Business Reporting:Kurt Eichenwald and Martin Gottlieb, New York Times, for a series on nefarious practices at Columbia/HCA Healthcare, prompting indictments, lawsuits and a corporate reorganization.
Environmental Reporting:Will Englund, Gary Cohn and Perry Thorsvik, Baltimore Sun, for ''Shipbreakers,'' a series on safety and health hazards faced by poorly trained salvage workers.
Sports Reporting:Kansas City Star, for reports on the NCAA's poor enforcement record and its executives' high salaries and lavish perks.
Magazine Reporting:Adam Gopnik, New Yorker magazine, for dispatches from Paris.
Network Television Reporting: Brian Ross and Rhonda Schwartz, ABC Prime Time Live,for ''Blood Money,'' exposing black-market trafficking in human body parts harvested from Chinese prisoners and sold in the U. S.
Book:Horst Faas and Tim Page for “Requiem,” a pictorial tribute to 135 photographers killed covering a quarter-century of war in Southeast Asia.
Career Award:Pittsburgh Courier staff, pioneering Afro-American journalists
Foreign Reporting:John F. Burns, New York Times, for dispatches from Afghanistan on the Taliban takeover of Kabul.
National Reporting:Elizabeth Marchak, Cleveland Plain Dealer, for ''The F.A.A. and Valujet Airlines,'' a series outlining federal inaction despite findings of unsafe aircraft, improper maintenance and inadequate training.
Local Reporting:Kevin Collison, Buffalo News, for linking the highway death of a teen-aged worker to a shopping mall’s policy denying access to city buses to discourage minority customers.
Economics Reporting:New York Times for “The Downsizing of America.”
Political Reporting:Los Angeles Times for “Money From Asia,” tracing suspect contributions to the Democratic National Committee
Cultural Reporting:Chuck Philips, Los Angeles Times, for revealing the inner workings of America's $12 billion music industry.
Magazine Reporting:Anne-Marie Cusac, The Progressive, for ''Stunning Technology,'' which exposed life-threatening dangers of security devices used in U.S. prisons and exported to repressive foreign regimes.
Transportation Reporting:Byron Acohido, Seattle Times, for ''Safety at Issue: the 737,'' a series on FAA resistance to study whether poor rudder controls on Boeing planes contributed to several deadly crashes
Criticism:Blair Kamin,Chicago Tribune, for architectural reviews.
National Television Reporting:Matt Meagher and Tim Peek, Inside Edition, for ''Door to Door Insurance,'' an undercover investigation of the exploitation of poor Americans by some insurers
Foreign Television Reporting:Christiane Amanpour and Anita Pratap, CNN, for a revelatory report, “Battle for Afghanistan.”
Foreign Reporting:David Rohde, Christian Science Monitor, for reporting on the Srebrenica massacres of Bosnian Muslims by Serbs who jailed and threatened him with execution.
National Reporting:Michael Weisskopf and DavidMaraniss, Washington Post, for “Inside the Revolution,” a series on the inner workings of the first Republican-controlled House of Representatives in 40 years.
Local Reporting:Elizabeth Llorente, The Record, for exposing inhumane conditions at a privately contracted New Jersey immigrant detention center.
Metropolitan Reporting:Frank Bruni, Nina Bernstein, Joyce Purnick and Lizette Alverez, New York Times, for chronicling multiple failures of child welfare authorities in the beating death of a 6-year-old girl.
Magazine Reporting:Richard Behar, Fortune magazine, for “Stalked by Allstate,” an account of the insurer’s surveillance of employees.
Education Reporting:Steve Stecklow, Wall Street Journal, for a series exposing a fraudulent investment scheme targeting educational institutions.
Business Reporting:Kurt Eichenwald, New York Times, for a series on how corporations, doctors and officials jeopardized kidney dialysis patients.
Health Care Reporting:Chris Adams, New Orleans Times-Picayune, for stories linking state officials to upwards of $30 million in Medicaid fraud.
Medical Reporting:Orange County Register, for "Fertility Fraud," a series revealing the theft and implantation of eggs at prominent research hospitals
Network Television Reporting:Jim Clancy, CNN, for "Rwanda: Cry Justice" examining the impact of the ethnic war between Hutus and Tutsis on women and children.
Local Television Reporting:Tom Grant, KREM, Spokane, for debunking charges against residents falsely implicated in a non-existent child sex ring.
Consumer Reporting:Lea Thompson, Jack Cloherty and Sandra Surles, Dateline/NBC, for “Optical Illusion,” on how Bausch & Lomb marketed identical contact lenses at prices from $9 to $90.
Career Award:John K. Cooley, ABC News, longtime war correspondent
Foreign Reporting:Barbara Demick, Philadelphia Inquirer, for chronicling the lives of residents on a single street in war-torn Sarajevo.
National Reporting:Joel Brinkley, Deborah Sontag and Stephen Engelberg, New York Times, for documenting broad corruption and waste in the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Local Reporting:Sonia Nazario, Los Angeles Times, for reports on hunger in West Covina that led schools to initiate a student breakfast program.
Metropolitan Reporting:David Armstrong, Shelly Murphy and Stephen Kurkjian, Boston Globe, for a series on deaths from elevator and escalator malfunction.
Magazine Reporting:Allan Nairn, The Nation, for examining how U. S. military intervention in Haiti served to preserve the power of an elite class.
Medical Reporting:Dave Davis and Joan Mazzolini, Cleveland Plain Dealer, for chronicling abuses such as the purchase of unnecessary high-tech equipment in defiance of state law designed to contain costs.
Education Reporting:Olive Talley, Dallas Morning News, for revealing that Texas A & M falsified records in awarding a contract to an associate of a university regent, leading the chancellor and board chair to resign.
Environmental Reporting:Jim Lynch and Karen Dorn Steele, Spokane Spokesman-Review, for showing that much $7.5 billion spent to clean up nuclear radioactive waste site had been wasted.
Political Reporting:Joe Stephens, Kansas City Star, for revealing how Missouri’s House Speaker tried to use legalized riverboat gambling to enrich his friends.
Television Documentary:Steven Emerson and Martin Koughan for “Jihad in America,” a report aired by PBS on radical Islamism in the U. S.
Network Television Reporting:John Martin, Walt Bogdanich and Keith Summa, ABC News“Day One,” for a report accusing tobacco companies of elevating nicotine levels in cigarettes.
Career Award:Philip Hamburger, New Yorker magazine writer
Foreign Reporting:Keith Richburg, Washington Post, for chronicling the effects of war and famine in Somalia.
National Reporting: Eileen Welsome, Albuquerque Tribune, for revealing that the U.S. conducted plutonium experiments on its own citizens after a seven-year investigation.
Local Reporting:Ying Chan, New York Daily News, for a series on the smuggling of immigrants into New York from China.
Medical Reporting:Larry Keller and Fred Schulte, Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, for detailing credible allegations that some HMOs withheld vital care from patients, some of whom died.
Magazine Reporting:Oliver Sacks, New Yorker magazine,“An Anthropologist on Mars,” a profile of autistic genius Temple Grandin.
Business Reporting:Paul Nyden, Charleston Gazette, for revealing that two West Virginia coal companies failed to pay $200 million in wages, taxes, environmental fines and workers' compensation premiums.
Political Reporting:Springfield State Journal-Register for “Cash Transactions,” a series demonstrating that political contributors routinely received lucrative contracts in Iliinois.
Financial Reporting: Scot J. Paltrow, Los Angeles Times, for exposing massive fraud by Prudential’s Wall Street subsidiary, leading to a $371 million fine, the largest penalty ever imposed on a retail brokerage.
Regional Reporting:Isabel Wilkerson, New York Times, for articles on the devastating impact of severe Mississippi River flooding.
Television Reporting:Christiane Amanpour, CNN, for putting herself at risk in first-hand reports on the war in what had once been Yugoslavia.
Radio Commentary:Daniel Schorr, NPR
Book:David Remnick, "Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire"
Career Award:Richard Dudman, St. Louis Post–Dispatch reporter
Foreign Reporting:Roy Gutman, Newsday, for documenting human-rights abuses in Bosnia, including mass killings in detention camps.
National Reporting: Gregory Vistica, San Diego Union-Tribune, for revealing how women were harassed at the Navy’s “Tailhook” convention.
Local Reporting:Los Angeles Times for coverage of the riotous response to the acquittal of police filmed beating a black citizen.
Legal Reporting:Marianne Lavelle, Marcia Coyle and Claudia MacLachian, National Law Journal, for finding racial discrimination in the federal response to environmentally hazardous toxic waste pollution.
Magazine Reporting:Lawrence Weschler, New Yorker magazine, for raising questions about reform in post-Communist Czechoslovakia in an article detailing injustices against a resistance leader.
Health Reporting:Seth Rosenfeld, San Francisco Examiner, for revealing that Dow Corning Company knew its breast implants could leak and pose serious health risks to women for many years before the data was public.
Environmental Reporting:John Thor Dahlburg, Los Angeles Times, for examining the effects of haphazard disposal of radioactive material in the former Soviet Union.
Photography:Carlos Guerrero, El Nuevo Herald, for depicting a dazed man holding his last possessions after Hurricane Andrew struck Florida.
Radio Reporting: Tom Gjelten, NPR, for revealing that Serbian militia forces had executed 200 unarmed Bosnian Muslim men.
National Television Reporting:Brian Ross and Rhonda Schwartz, NBC Dateline, for reporting that Wal-Mart sold clothing produced by young children in Indian sweatshops.
Foreign Television Reporting:Chris Wallace, Neal Shapiro and Anthony Radziwill, ABC PrimeTime Live, for a report on the rise of neo-Nazism in Germany and its American connections.
Social Commentary: Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr. for "Black Demagogues and Pseudo-Scholars,” a New York Times op-ed essay.
Career Award:Herbert Mitgang, New York Times reporter and critic
Foreign Reporting:Francis X. Clines, New York Times, for coverage of the breakup of the Soviet Union, and Barbara Crossette, New York Times, for coverage of the assassination of a former Indian Prime Minister felled by a bomb 10 feet from her.
National Reporting:Jeff Taylor and Mike McGraw, Kansas City Star, for exposing shortcomings in U. S. Department of Agriculture programs.
Local Reporting:Holly A. Taylor, Berkshire Eagle, for stories on a hospital’s misuse of funds that led to an administrator's resignation.
Regional Reporting:Dan Barry, John Sullivan and Ira Chinoy, Providence Journal-Bulletin, for exposing fiscal abuse and poor management in Rhode Island’s state-insured credit union
Education Reporting: Jeff Gottlieb, San Jose Mercury News, for revealing upwards of $600 million in overcharges by Stanford University on federal grants.
Economic Reporting:Donald Barlett and James Steele, Philadelphia Inquirer, for a series, "America: What Went Wrong?"
War Reporting:Patrick J. Sloyan, Newsday, for revealing "friendly fire" deaths and allegations of American atrocities during the Persian Gulf War.
National Television Reporting:Glenn Silber, Robert Krulwich, David Fanning and Sharon Tiller, PBS Frontline and the Center for Investigative Reporting, for “The Great American Bailout” on the savings & loan scandal.
Local Television Reporting:Christopher Scholl, KWWL TV, Waterloo, Iowa, for coverage of two environmental hazards, chemical leaks from ammonia plants and leaks of toxins from a landfill into groundwater.
Cultural Reporting:Konstantin Akinsha and Grigorii Kozlov, Russian reporters, for “The Soviet's Stolen Art,” published by ARTNews.
Radio Reporting:Nina Totenberg, NPR, for revealing allegations of sexual harassment against U. S. Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas and covering the confirmation hearings that examined them.
Special Award:Andrew Schneider and Mary Pat Flaherty, Pittsburgh Press, for demonstrating misuse of federal seizure and forfeiture laws.
Career Award:Claude Fox Sitton, reporter and editor.
Foreign Reporting:Caryle Murphy, Washington Post, for chronicling the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait as she remained in hiding inside the country.
National Reporting:Susan F. Rasky and David E. Rosenbaum, New York Times, for behind-the-scenes coverage of a critical budget debate.
Regional Reporting:Gayle Reaves, David Hannersand David McLemore, Dallas Morning News, for stories on how drug trafficking impacted two counties.
Metropolitan Reporting: Laurie Bennett, Alan Fisk and Robert Ourlian, Detroit News, for “Hidden Interest,” a series linking Detroit’s decline to the political connections of landlords, contractors and real estate agents.
Local Reporting:Heidi Evans, New York Daily News, for revealing that hospitals failed to report the results of Pap tests to hundreds of women.
Environmental Reporting:Adam Seessel, Independent Weekly, Durham, N. C., for exposing a state cover-up of defects at a hazardous waste plant.
Business Reporting:Dianne Marder, Philadelphia Inquirer, for revealing corporate misconduct in the dismissal of workers falsely accused of theft.
Special Publications:Joseph M. Belth, Insurance Forum, for uncovering deception and promoting reform “despite the continuing hostility of many in the industry."
Network Television Reporting: Peter Jennings, Leslie Cockburn and Tom Yellin, ABC News, for exposing the U. S. role in the resurgence of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia.
Documentary Television:Hedrick Smith and Martin Smith, WGBH-TV, Boston, for “Inside Gorbachev's U.S.S.R."
Local Television Reporting:Kevin Kerrigan, Guam Cable Television, for exposing the illegal transfer of public lands into private hands.
Special Award:Globalvision for “South Africa Now,” defying censors to report on the country's turbulence and violence against its black majority.
Career Award:Fred Friendly, television news pioneer
Foreign Reporting: John Darnton, New York Times, for coverage of the political crisis in Poland.
National Reporting: Seymour M. Hersh, Jeff Gerth and Phillip Taubman, New York Times, for exposing illegal sales of munitions and sophisticated technology in countries hostile to the U. S. by former intelligence agents.
Local Reporting:Orlando Sentinel Star for "The Federal Impact"
Regional Reporting:Stephanie Saul and W. Stevens Ricks, Jackson Clarion-Ledger, for ''Mississippi Gulf Coast: Wide Open and Wicked.''
Consumer Reporting:Phil Norman, Louisville Courier-Journal, for 'Sacred Cows: Power, Politics and Prices in the Milk Industry.'
Magazine Reporting:William Greider, The Atlantic magazine, for
"The Education of David Stockman,"
Science Reporting:Science magazine, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, for "News and Comment."
Television Documentary:Pierre Salinger, Paris Bureau Chief, ABC News, for "America Held Hostage: The Secret Negotiations."
Television Reporting:Ted Koppel, ABC News, for "Nightline."
Radio Reporting:John Merrow, Institute for Educational Leadership, for "Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice" aired by NPR.
Book:Edwin R. Bayley, "Joe McCarthy and The Press"
Career Award:George Seldes, publisher of “In Fact.”
Foreign Reporting: John F. Burns, John Darnton and Michael T. Kaufman, New York Times, for coverage of Africa.
National Reporting: Ronald Kessler, Washington Post, for articles on corruption in the General Services Administration.
Local Reporting:Dallas Times Herald for coverage of deaths of Mexcian-Americans at the hands of Texas lawmen.
Public Service: Jane Shoemaker, Thomas Ferrick, Jr. and William Ecenbarger, Philadelphia Inquirer, for coverage of corrupt state legislators.
Regional Reporting:Southern Exposure, a quarterly published by the Institute for Southern Studies, for articles on regional culture and politics.
Educational Reporting: Chronicle of Higher Education
Television Reporting: Reporter Don Harris and videographer Bob Brown, NBC News, slain in Guyana by members of the Jonestown Peoples Temple before the murder/suicide of 912 men, women and children there.
Film Documentary:"Scared Straight," Golden West Television Productions.
News Photography: Eddie Adams, Associated Press, for coverage of the Rhodesian civil war.
Commentary:Russell Baker, New York Times columnist.
Career Award: Richard S. Salant, president of CBS News
Foreign Reporting: Gloria Emerson, New York Times, for stories on the effects of the war in Vietnam on its citizens.
National Reporting:Knight Newspapers in Akron, Detroit and Miami, for an analysis of events before, during and after the violence at Kent State.
Metropolitan Reporting: Richard Oliver, New York Daily News, for stories clearing a black U. S. Marine who had been convicted of rape on Okinawa.
Community Service:Karl Grossman, Long Island Press, for spearheading an investigation into harmful exploitation of sand cliffs on Long Island.
Editorials:James E. Clayton, Washington Post, for raising questions about U.S. Supreme Court nominee G. Harrold Carswell.
Magazine Reporting:Washington Monthly magazine for revealing the scope of U. S. Army spying in civilians in the United States.
Television Reporting:Alan M. Levin, NET, for a documentary on U.S. involvement in underdeveloped nations, “Who Invited Us?”
Freedom of the Press:Walter Cronkite, CBS, for resisting White House efforts to discredit accounts of an atrocity in Vietnam and disclosing them.
News Photography: Kent State University students John Darnell, John Foli and Howard Ruffner for depicting antiwar demonstrators’ deadly confrontation with the Ohio National Guard published by Life magazine.
Criticism:Pauline Kael, The New Yorker, for her film reviews
Book:Otto Friedrich, “Decline and Fall”
Special Award: I.F. Stone, creator of the newsletter, I. F. Stone’s Weekly.