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Volleyball Rules

  1. A match shall consist of the best two out of three games. Each game will be played to 25 points or 15 minutes, which ever comes first. Games will be scored under the rally point system, in which a point is scored each play.
  2. A game is completed when a team scores a total of 25 points. The winning team must have at least a 2-point advantage. If a team is not 2 points ahead when 25 points have been scored, play continues until one team goes up by two or until the time limit is reached.
  3. A point shall be scored each time an opponent commits a violation.
  4. A team shall consist of 6 players:
    a. A minimum of 3 players per team is needed to start a game.

    * b. There can be any combination of male and female.
  5. Change of Courts: A coin toss prior to the start of the first game shall determine which team will serve first. At the end of each game, the teams shall change courts. The team not serving first, serves first in the next game.
  6. Legal Service: The server may:
    a. Hit the ball directly off the holding hand, but a release must be seen.

    b. Hit the ball after tossing it directly upward from the holding hand.

    c. Hit the ball with one hand, open or closed.

    d. Hit the ball underhand, overhand, sidearm or roundhouse.

    e. Step in or over the end line after contact with the ball is made.

    f. Hit the net on the serve, putting the ball into play if it goes over.

    g. Serve the ball only after the referee has signaled for play to begin.
  7. Serving Order:
    a. The right back player of the serving team shall be the first server of the game. Thereafter, the player rotating from the right forward to the right back shall be the server of the game.

    b. If a player serves out of turn, side-out shall be called as soon as the mistake is discovered, and any points made on the service before the error was discovered shall be canceled. The serving order shall be corrected immediately.

    c. If the mistake in serving order occurs and is not discovered until after the opponents have gained the ball for service, but before they have begun to serve, the game shall be stopped, and all points made by the improper server shall be cancelled. The serving order shall be corrected immediately.

    d. If the mistake in serving order occurs but is not discovered until after the opponents have served, there shall be no loss of points. On the first dead ball, the serving order shall be corrected immediately.
  8. Substitution:
    A substitute may only enter into the game on a dead ball and in the server’s position before the ball is served, i.e., the sub will be the new server. (Exception-Substitution may be made in the case of injury.)
  9. Time-Outs:
    a. Time-outs shall not be called when the ball is in play except in case of an injury to a player. When this occurs, the play must be repeated.

    b. Each team is allowed one 30-second time-out per match. These time-outs may not be accumulated.

    c. Any excessive requests for a time-out shall be considered a game delay and the referee shall impose the appropriate penalty of a point before play is resumed.
  10. Simultaneous Contact:
    a. If two or more players of the same team contact the ball simultaneously, it is considered one play, and the players may participate in the next play.

    b. If two or more players from opposing teams contact the ball simultaneously above the net, this simultaneous contact shall not be considered as one of the three volleys allowed a team. The players involved are eligible to participate in the next play, which shall be considered the first of three volleys allowed to the team.

    c. If, after simultaneous contact by opponents, the ball falls out of bounds, the team on the opposite side shall be deemed as having provided the impetus necessary to cause the ball to be out of bounds.
  11. Recovery from Net: A ball may be recovered from the net, provided the player avoids touching the net.
  12. Ball Touching a Boundary Line is good.
  13. Double Foul:
    a. A double foul shall be called when players on opposing sides foul simultaneously.

    b. In the case of double foul, there shall be a replay.

    c. When two blockers of opposing teams hold the ball for one second or more.
  14. Replay: A point is replayed when:
    a. An official commits a rule error.

    b. Any object interferes with play (see rule #16 for exceptions).

    c. A player serves the ball before being signaled by the official to do so.

    d. A double foul occurs.
  15. Ceiling and Backboards:
    a. A ball hitting the ceiling on the same side as the team that caused it to hit the ceiling is “in play” unless it occurs on the third hit or on a serve.

    b. A ball that passes over the net and hits the ceiling on the opposite side from where it was hit, or that hits the ceiling and then passes over the net is ruled dead. A point is awarded to the team that did not cause the ball to contact the ceiling.

    c. A ball hitting any overhead obstruction in the gym that remains on the same side of play is considered “live” and shall remain in play.
  16. Dead Ball: The ball is dead:
    a. After a point or side-out is called.

    b. When it strikes the floor within the boundary lines.

    c. When it hits an object (wall) or the floor outside the court.

    d. After any decision which temporarily suspends play.

    e. When it hits the antenna or does not pass over the net entirely between the antennas.
  17. Playing the Ball:
    a. A side-out is called if the ball is served illegally:
    - i. Ball is not hit as defined in a legal serve.
    - ii. Ball fails to reach the net.
    - iii. Ball strikes an object directly over the court.
    - iv. Ball goes out-of-bounds.
    - v. Another player assists serve.
    - vi. Server commits a foot fault.

    b. A point is called if the ball is played illegally:
    - i. Player catches, holds, or “carries” the ball.
    - ii. Player plays the ball more than once in succession.
    - iii. Player volleys the ball a fourth time for his team.
    - iv. Player plays the ball while supported by any player or object.
    - v. If one person returns the ball directly to the other side, it is legal.
    - vi. No spiking is allowed on a serve.

    c. A point is called if play is illegal at the net:
    - i. Player holds or pushes the ball against the net.
    - ii. Players touch the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play.
    - iii. Player reaches over the net. (Follow-through is permitted unless the player touches the net.)
    - iv. Player reaches under the net and interferes with the other team.
    - v. Player touches the floor on the opposite side of the centerline and makes contact with other team when the ball is in play.
          1. One foot must cross the centerline completely to be considered a fault.

    d. A point is called when a player plays out of position:
    - i. Player fails to be in own area when the ball is served.
    - ii. Back line player spikes in front of the mid-line.

    e. A point is called when a player or team delays the game, (i.e., time-outs, between games).
  18. The ball must be clearly in the plane to block a first or second hit, (cutting the ball at least in half).
  19. The second hit (setter’s ball) cannot be blocked, provided the setter is making a play for the ball.
  20. A serve may NOT be blocked.
  21. A player in the back row while positioned behind the attack line, may contact the ball from any position in or outside the court above or below the top of the net.
  22. A back row player shall not participate in a block or an attempt to block.
  23. Conduct
    a. There shall be no unsportsmanlike conduct at any time. (Unsportsmanlike to be defined by judgment of referee).

    b. The referee may eject from the game any player who persists in derogatory remarks to officials or opponents.

    c. No player except the captain may address the referee at any time.

    d. The decision of the referee is final, and there will be no protest whatsoever. The captain may request a question concerning a specific rule, but may in no way challenge a judgment decision.

    e. There will be no basketball playing or hanging on the rims/nets BEFORE, DURING, or AFTER the volleyball matches. First offense will constitute a warning; second offense deems a red card resulting in a poor sportsmanship rating. (Red Card means player is ejected from the game and must leave the facility immediately.)
  24. ID’s are required at all games. You will not be allowed to enter the Pratt Recreation Center without them. NO ID – NO PLAY – NO EXCEPTIONS.